Asphalt & asphalt fiberglass shingles
Although this type of shingle is referred to by different names, most roof shingles used today are technically known as asphalt fiberglass shingles. The fiberglass mat embedded in the shingle provides an extra measure of strength and tear resistance.
These shingles are the most popular type of roofing for sloped roofs because they're affordable, easy to install, durable, and available in a wide variety of colors. Premium grades of "laminated" asphalt fiberglass shingles are typically warrantied for 50 years. Manufacturers have also created asphalt shingles that imitate the look of wood and slate.